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Abbreviations

 
 

Abbreviations

Abbreviation:  A shortened form of a word or phrase used mainly in writing.

Rules why and when to use the abbreviations:

a.  Terms dictated in full.

b.  Diagnosis and operative titles.

c.  Units of measure.

d.  Dangerous and obscure abbreviations.

e.  Business names.

f.  Geographic names.

g.  Units of time.

You can find different pages for different types of abbreviations, please click on the appropriate link below. 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Radiological Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:47 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

 

angio

angiogram

AP/PA

anteroposterior/posteroanterior

Ba

barium

BE

barium enema

Bq

Becquerel

cGy

Centigray

CXR

chest x-ray

CCK

Cholecystokinin

CINE

Cineangiogram

CDI

color Doppler imaging

CT

computed tomography

CAT

computerized axial tomography

CT

computerized tomography

decub

decubitus

DVT

deep vein/venous thrombosis

DI

diagnostic imaging

DTPA

diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

EEG

electroencephalogram

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

FLASH

fast low-angle shot

fluoro

fluoroscopy

Fx

fracture

GB

gallbladder

Ga

gallium

GI

gastrointestinal

Gy

gray

Hz

hertz

HDR

high-dose rate

HIDA

Hydroxyiminodiacetic Acid

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

I

iodine

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder (abdominal x-ray)

kHz

kilohertz

kV

kilovolt

LVH

left ventricular hypertrophy

LS spine

lumbosacral

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MHz

megahertz

Mcg

microgram

mCi

millicurie

MUGA scan

multiple gated acquisition

OCG

oral cholecystectomy

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

PET scan

positron emission tomography

rad

radiation absorbed dose

RAO

right anterior oblique

RVH

right ventricular hypertrophy

R

roentgen

S/N ratio

signal-to-noise

SPECT

Single photon emission computed tomography

Tc

technetium

T

tesla

US

Ultra Sound

UGI

upper gastrointestinal series

V/Q

ventilation/perfusion

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

XRT

x-ray/radiation therapy

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Orthopedic Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:45 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

AC

acromioclavicular

ACL

anterior cruciate ligament

AFO

ankle-foot orthosis

AKA

above-knee amputation

ANA

antinuclear antibody

BKA

below-knee amputation

C1-C7

cervical vertebrae

CMC

carpometacarpal (joint)

C-spine

cervical spine

CTS

carpal tunnel syndrome

DC (physician)

Doctor of Chiropractic

DDD

degenerative disk disease

DEXA

dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry

DIP

distal interphalangeal (joint)

DJD

degenerative joint disease

DO (physician)

Doctor of Osteopathy

DTRs

deep tendon reflexes

EMG

electromyogram

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

FABER

flexion abduction and external rotation

FROM

full range of motion

FWB

full weight bearing

fx

fracture

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus

IM

intramuscular

IP

interphalangeal

IT

iliotibial

L1-5

lumbar vertebrae

LE cell

lupus erythematosus cell

LP

lumbar puncture

LS

lumbosacral (spine)

L-spine

lumbar spine

MCL

medial collateral ligament

MCP

metacarpophalangeal (joint)

MTP

metatarsophalangeal (joint)

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation

ortho

orthopedics

PCL

posterior cruciate ligament

PIP

proximal interphalangeal joint

PT

physical therapy

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

RF

rheumatoid factor

ROM

range of motion

ROMI

range of motion intact

sed rate

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

SI

sacroiliac (joint)

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

SLR

straight leg raising

T1-T12

thoracic vertebrae

TENS unit

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

THR

total hip replacement

tib-fib

tibial-fibular

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

T-spine

thoracic spine

UE

upper extremity

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Laboratory And Pathology Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:42 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

a.c.

before meals

ad lib

as desired

a.m., AM

before noon

b.i.d.

twice a day

C

Celsius; centigrade

cc

cubic centimeter

cm

centimeter

cm3

cubic centimeter

d

day

dL

deciliter

F

Fahrenheit

fL

femtoliter

ft

foot

g

gram

hr

hour

h.s., HS

bedtime

IM

intramuscular/intramuscularly

IV

intravenous/intravenously

J

joule

K

kelvin

kg

kilogram

L

liter

lb

pound

m

meter

mA

milliampere

mcg

microgram

MCi

millicurie

mEq

milliequivalent

mEq/L

milliequivalents per liter

mg

milligram

mg/cc

milligrams per cubic centimeter

mg/dL

milligrams per deciliter

mg/kg

milligrams per kilogram

mIU

milli-International Unit

mL

milliliter

mm

millimeter

mmHG

millimeters of mercury

Mmol

millimole

mOsm

milliosmole

mU

milliunit

ng

nanogram

n.p.o.

nothing by mouth

oz

ounce

p.c.

after meals

pg

picogram

p.m., PM

afternoon

p.o., PO

by mouth

p.r.n.

as needed

q.

every

q.a.m.

every morning

q.h.s.

every bedtime

q.i.d.

four times a day

q.p.m.

every afternoon/evening

q.6h.

every six hours

t.i.d.

three times a day

U

Unit

IU

International Unit

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

JCAHO Dangerous Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:39 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

DO NOT USE ABBREVIATIONS

PREFERRED

U (for unit)

Write “unit”

IU (for international unit)

Write “International unit”

O.D or Q.O.D.

Write “daily” and “every other day”

Trailing zero (X.0 mg)

Never write a zero by itself after decimal point (X mg), and always use a zero before a decimal point (0.X mg)

MS

MSO4

MgSO4

Write “morphine sulphate” or “magnesium sulphate”

μg (for microgram)

Write “mcg”

H.S. (for half-strength or Latin abbreviation for bedtime)

Write out “half-strength” or “at bedtime”

T.I.W. (for three times a week)

Write “3 times weekly” or “three times weekly”

S.C. OR S.Q. (for subcutaneous)

Write “Sub-Q” , “subQ” or “subcutaneously”

D/C (for discharge)

Write “discharge”

c.c. (for cubic centimeter)

Write “mL” for millimeters

A.S., A.D.,A.U. (Latin abbreviation for left, right, or both ears)

Write “left ear”, “right ear”, or “both ears”

**NOTE: Abbreviations should not be used in any of its forms such as upper or lower case, with or without periods. **

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Infectious Disease Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:36 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

 

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

AIDS

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

GABHS

Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

IM

Infectious mononucleosis

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

General Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:27 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

 

A&P

auscultation and percussion

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AB

abortion/abortus

ABG

arterial blood gas

AC

abdominal circumference

AC

acromioclavicular

ACLS

advanced cardiac life support

ACLS

anterior cruciate ligament

ADA

American Diabetes Association

ADLs

activities of daily living

AFB

acid-fast bacillus

A-fib

atrial fibrillation

AFO

ankle-foot orthosis or ankle-foot orthotic

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AKA

above-knee amputation

ALL

acute lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia

AMA

against medical advice

ARDS

adult respiratory distress syndrome

ASA

acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

ASCAD

arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease/atherosclerotic coronary artery disease

ASHD

arteriosclerotic/atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

AV

atrioventricular

AV

arteriovenous

AVM

arteriovenous malformation

BKA

below-knee amputation

BP

blood pressure

BPD

biparietal diameter

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

BSO

bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

C&S

culture and sensitivity

CA

cancer or carcinoma

CBAG

coronary artery bypass grafting

CBC

complete blood count

CC

chief complaint

CCE

clubbing, cyanosis, and edema

CCU

coronary care unit

CF

cystic fibrosis

CHF

congestive heart failure

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CMC

carpometacarpal (joint)

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

CNS

central nervous system

CO2

carbon dioxide

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

CPD

cephalopelvic disproportion

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

C-section

cesarean section

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

C-spine

cervical spine

CTR

carpal tunnel release

CVA

costovertebral angle

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

CVS

cardiovascular system/surgery

D&C

dilatation and curettage OR dilation and curettage

DC

discontinue or discharge

DDD

degenerative disc (OR disk) disease

DIP

distal interphalangeal (joint)

DISH

diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

DJD

degenerative joint disease

DM

diabetes mellitus

DNR

DO NOT RESUSCITATE

DOB

date of birth

DTRs

deep tendon reflexes

DVT

deep venous thrombosis

e.g.

for example

EBL

estimated blood loss

ECG/EKG

electrocardiogram

ED or ER

emergency department OR emergency room

EDC

estimated date of confinement

EF

ejection fraction

EFW

estimated fetal weight

EGA

estimated gestational age

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EKG, ECG

echocardiogram

ENT

ears, nose, and throat

EOMI

extraocular movements (or muscles) intact

ESWL

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

ET

endotracheal (tube)

etc.

et cetera (and so forth)

FCD

fibrocystic disease

fem-fem-

femoral-femoral

fem-pop-

femoral-popliteal

FEV

forced expiratory volume

FL

femur length

FVC

forced vital capacity

G

gravida (# of pregnancies)

GE

gastroenterology

GE

gastroesophageal

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

GI

gastrointestinal

GU

genitourinary

GYN

gynecology

H&H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

H&P

history and physical

HC

head circumference

HCTZ

hydrochlorothiazide

HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose and throat

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HMD

hyaline membrane disease

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus

HPI

history of present illness

I&D

incision and drainage

i.e.

that is

IAC

internal auditory canal

ICU

intensive care unit

IDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

IJ

internal jugular

ILD

interstitial lung disease

IM

intramuscular

IOL

intraocular lens

IP

interphalangeal

IT

iliotibial

ITP

idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

IUGR

intrauterine growth retardation

IV

intravenous

IVC

inferior vena cava

JV pulse

jugular venous

JVD

jugular venous distention

JVP

jugular venous pressure

KCI

potassium chloride

K-wire

Kirschner wire

L&D

labor and delivery

lab

laboratory

LAD

left anterior descending (artery)

LAO

left anterior oblique

lap

laparotomy or laparoscopic

LCA

left coronary artery/circumflex artery

LFT

liver function test

LGA

large for gestational age

LIMA

left internal mammary artery

LLL

left lower lobe

LLQ

left lower quadrant

LMP

last menstrual period

LOC

loss of consciousness

LP

lumbar puncture

LR

lactated Ringer's

LS

lumbosacral (spine)

L-spine

lumbar spine

LUQ

left upper quadrant

LV

left ventricle

MCL

medial collateral ligament

MCP

metacarpophalangeal (joint)

MDI

metered dose inhaler

meds

medications

MI

myocardial infarction

MS

multiple sclerosis

MSAFP

maternal serum alpha fetoprotein

MTP

metatarsophalangeal (joint)

NAD

no acute distress

NC/AT

normocephalic, atraumatic

NG

nasogastric (tube)

NICU

neonatal intensive care unit

NKDA

no known drug allergies

NPO

nothing by mouth (can be written n.p.o.)

NSVD

normal spontaneous vaginal delivery

O&P

ova and parasites

O.D.

right eye

O.S.

left eye

O2

oxygen

OB

obstetrics

OMB

obtuse marginal branch

OR

operating room

ORIF

open reduction, internal fixation

OT

occupational therapy

P

para (# of living children)

P&A

percussion and auscultation

posterior-anterior OR posteroanterior

PCL

posterior cruciate ligament

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus OR posterior descending artery

PE

pulmonary embolism/embolus

PE

physical examination

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation

PFT

pulmonary function test

Phen-fen

phentermine-fenfluramine

PICU

pediatric intensive care unit

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

PIP

proximal interphalangeal

PMH

past medical history

PMI

point of maximal impulse (or intensity)

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

PT

prothrombin time

PT

physical therapy

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

PTI

partial thromboplastin time

PTSD

post-traumatic stress disorder

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

PVD

peripheral vascular disease

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

RAD

right anterior descending (artery)

RAO

right anterior oblique

RBC/rbc

red blood count/red blood cell

RCA

right coronary artery

REM

rapid eye movement

RLQ

right lower quadrant

ROM

range of motion

ROM

rupture of membranes

ROS

review of systems

RPR

rapid plasma reagin

RSD

reflex sympathetic dystrophy

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus

RUQ

right upper quadrant

SAB

spontaneous abortion

SG

Swan-Ganz (catheter)

SI

sacroiliac (joint)

SICU

surgical intensive care unit

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

SMA

panel of laboratory tests

SMA

superior mesenteric artery

SOAP

Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan

SOB

shortness of breath

subq

subcutaneous or subcutaneously

SVC

superior vena cava

T&A

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

TAB

therapeutic abortion

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

TB

tuberculosis

temp

temperature

THA

total hip arthroplasty

TIA

transient ischemic attack

tib-fib

tibial-fibular

TKA

total knee arthroplasty

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

TMs

tympanic membranes

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

T-spine

thoracic spine

TURBT

transurethral resection of the bladder tumor

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

TVH

total vaginal hysterectomy

UA

urinalysis

URI

upper respiratory infection

UTI

urinary tract infection

VBAC

vaginal birth after cesarean

V-tach

ventricular tachycardia

WBC/wbc

white blood count/white blood cell

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cardiovascular Abbreviations

posted Apr 4, 2013, 9:23 AM by Anuradha Mandavgane

 

AEC

Aortic ejection click

AOC

Aortic opening click

ASM

Arterial systolic murmur

C

Click

CHF

Congestive heart failure

CM

Continuous murmur

DM

Diastolic murmur

DOE

Dyspnea on exertion

DSM

Delayed systolic murmur

E

Ejection sound

EC

Ejection click

ESM

Ejection systolic murmur

IDM

Immediate diastolic murmur

LSM

Late systolic murmur

MI

Myocardial infarction

NEC

Nonejection click

OS

Opening snap

PEC

Pulmonary ejection click

PMI

Point of maximal intensity

PND

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

PSM

Pansystolic murmur

RSR

Regular sinus rhythm

SC

Systolic click

SDM

Systolic-diastolic murmur

SEM

Systolic ejection murmur

SM

Systolic murmur

SS

Summation sound

TMR

Transmyocardial revascularization

W

Whoop

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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